Mauritshuis. Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen. Hoogtepunten uit de collectie

Titel: Mauritshuis. Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen. Hoogtepunten uit de collectie
Uitgever: Stichting Vrienden van het Mauritshuis, Den Haag
Samenstellers: Buvelot, Quentin – e.a.
Bijzonderheden: Paperback; 2014; 226pp.; Conditie: Goed

Het Haagse Mauritshuis is een van oudste museale collecties van Nederland. De basis voor de verzameling werd reeds gelegd in de zeventiende eeuw door de prinsen van Oranje. In 1817 schonk koning Willem I de schilderijencollectie van zijn voorouders aan de Nederlandse staat, die enkele jaren later het Mauritshuis aankocht om de verzameling te huisvesten. De collectie is klein, maar van uitzonderlijk hoog niveau. Alle grote meesters uit de Hollandse schilderkunst van de Gouden Eeuw zijn met topstukken vertegenwoordigd. De anatomische les van Rembrandt, het Gezicht op Delft en Meisje met de parel van Johannes Vermeer en de Stier. van Paulus Potter zijn voor iedereen herkenbare ‘iconen’. Ook bezit het museum een mooie selectie Vlaamse schilders als Peter Paul Rubens en Anthonie van Dyck, naast portretten van Hans Holbein de Jonge. Dit toegankelijke en rijk geïllustreerde boek is geschreven door de conservatoren van het museum. Alle aspecten van de geschiedenis van de collectie en het museum passeren de revue, terwijl meer dan 150 schilderijen uitvoerig worden besproken.

Het Mauritshuis in Den Haag is wereldberoemd als het museum waar het Meisje met de parel van Vermeer hangt. Maar het heeft nog veel meer te bieden. Het Mauritshuis herbergt een topcollectie oude schilderkunst, met het zwaartepunt op de Hollandse zeventiende eeuw.

The Mauritshuis is an art museum in The Hague, Netherlands. The museum houses the Royal Cabinet of Paintings which consists of 854 objects, mostly Dutch Golden Age paintings. The collection contains works by Johannes Vermeer, Rembrandt van Rijn, Jan Steen, Paulus Potter, Frans Hals, Jacob van Ruisdael, Hans Holbein the Younger, and others. Originally, the 17th century building was the residence of count John Maurice of Nassau. It is now the property of the government of the Netherlands and is listed in the top 100 Dutch heritage sites.

In 1631, John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, a cousin of stadtholder Frederick Henry, bought a plot bordering the Binnenhof and the adjacent Hofvijver pond in The Hague,[6] at that time the political centre of the Dutch Republic. On the plot, the Mauritshuis was built as a home between 1636 and 1641, during John Maurice’s governorship of Dutch Brazil. The Dutch Classicist building was designed by the Dutch architects Jacob van Campen and Pieter Post.[7] The two-storey building is strictly symmetrical and contained four apartments and a great hall. Each apartment was designed with an antechamber, a chamber, a cabinet, and a cloakroom. Originally, the building had a cupola, which was destroyed in a fire in 1704.[8]

After the death of Prince John Maurice in 1679, the house was owned by the Maes family, who leased the house to the Dutch government. In 1704, most of the interior of the Mauritshuis was destroyed by fire. The building was restored between 1708 and 1718.[9]

In 1774, an art gallery open to the public was formed in what is now the Prince William V Gallery. That collection was seized by the French in 1795 and only partially recovered in 1808. The small gallery space soon proved to be too small, however, and in 1820, the Mauritshuis was bought by the Dutch state for the purpose of housing the Royal Cabinet of Paintings.[10] In 1822, the Mauritshuis was opened to the public and housed the Royal Cabinet of Paintings and the Royal Cabinet of Rarities. In 1875, the entire museum became available for paintings.[2]

The Mauritshuis was privatised in 1995. The foundation set up at that time took charge of both the building and the collection, which it was given on long-term loan. This building, which is the property of the state, is rented by the museum. In 2007, the museum announced its desire to expand. In 2010, the definitive design was presented. The museum would occupy a part of the nearby Sociëteit de Witte building. The two buildings would be connected via a tunnel, running underneath the Korte Vijverberg. The renovation started in 2012 and finished in 2014. During the renovation, about 100 of the museum’s paintings were displayed in the Gemeentemuseum in the Highlights Mauritshuis exhibition.[15] About 50 other paintings, including the Girl With the Pearl Earring, were on loan to exhibitions in the United States and Japan. The museum was reopened on 27 June 2014 by King Willem-Alexander.

Collection
The collection of paintings of stadtholder William V, Prince of Orange was presented to the Dutch state by his son, King William I. This collection formed the basis of the Royal Cabinet of Paintings of around 200 paintings. The collection is currently called the Royal Picture Gallery. The current collection consists of almost 800 paintings[21] and focusses on Dutch and Flemish artists, such as Pieter Brueghel, Paulus Potter, Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt van Rijn, Jacob van Ruisdael, Johannes Vermeer, and Rogier van der Weyden. There are also works of Hans Holbein in the collection in the Mauritshuis.